PDKI Welcomes United Nations Resolution on Human Rights in Iran

Loghman H. Ahmedi, the PDKI’s Head of Foreign Relations, welcomed the United Nations General Assembly’s resolution on human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran.

The United Nations General Assembly passed resolution A/C.3/68/L.57 on the promotion and protection of human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran.

“Our party welcomes the UN’s recent resolution on the human rights situation in Iran. This resolution reveals that attempts by the theocratic regime to blindfold the international community through the election of a so-called moderate president and diplomatic maneuvers has not worked,” Ahmedi stated.

Regarding those people inside and outside of Iran who expected the newly elected president of Iran, Hassan Rouhani, to improve the human rights situation in Iran, Ahmedi said: “Expecting Iran to stop committing human rights violations is naive. It has been the nature of this regime to subject people from all socioeconomic classes and especially the non-Persian nations in Iran to brutal human rights violations since it hijacked the revolution in 1979. This regime has proved on numerous occasions that it is antithetical to change in this regard, and a different tone from new faces in the regime will not make any difference.”

Resolution A/C.3/68/L.57 on the promotion and protection of human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran passed with a vote of 83 in favor, 36 against, and 62 abstentions.

UN-Vote

In the resolution the General Assembly:

Expresses deep concern at serious ongoing and recurring human rights violations in the Islamic Republic of Iran relating to, inter alia:

(a) Torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, including flogging and amputations;

(b) The continuing alarming high frequency of the carrying out of the death penalty in the absence of internationally recognized safeguards, including public executions, notwithstanding the issuance of a circular by the former head of the judiciary prohibiting public executions, and secret group executions, as well as reports of executions undertaken without the notification of the prisoner’s family members or legal counsel;

(c) The continuing imposition and carrying out of the death penalty against minors and persons who at the time of their offence were under the age of 18, in violation of the obligations of the Islamic Republic of Iran under the Convention on the Rights of the Child and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights;

(d) The imposition of the death penalty for crimes that lack a precise and explicit definition, including moharebeh (enmity against God), and for crimes that do not qualify as the most serious crimes, in violation of international law;

(e) Widespread and serious restrictions on the right to peaceful assembly, freedom of association and freedom of opinion and expression, including through efforts to block, filter or hinder Internet access and content, jam international satellite transmission into the Islamic Republic of Iran and censor or close newspapers, magazines and other publications, including in the lead-up to the June

2013 presidential election;

(f) The systematic targeting and harassment of human rights defenders, who face arrest, arbitrary detention, long-term exile and harsh sentences, including the death sentence;

(g) Pervasive gender inequality and violence against women and increased discrimination against women and girls in law and in practice, as well as restrictions on access to government decision-making positions and the labour market;

(h) Continued discrimination and other human rights violations, at times amounting to persecution, against persons belonging to ethnic, linguistic or other minorities, including, inter alia, Arabs, Azeris, Balochis and Kurds and their defenders, noting in particular reports of the violent suppression and detention of ethnic Arabs and Azeris, including serious concerns about violations of their due process rights and alleged torture while imprisoned;

(i) Ongoing severe limitations and restrictions on the right to freedom of thought, conscience, religion or belief and restrictions on the building of, as well as attacks against, places of worship and burial;

(j) Continued harassment, at times amounting to persecution, and human rights violations against persons belonging to recognized religious minorities, including, inter alia, Christians, Jews, Sufi Muslims, Sunni Muslims and

Zoroastrians and their defenders, noting in particular the widespread arrest and detention of Sufi Muslims and evangelical Christians, including the continued detention of Christian pastors;

(k) Continued persecution and human rights violations against persons belonging to unrecognized religious minorities, particularly members of the Baha’i faith and their defenders, including targeted attacks and murders, without proper investigation to hold those responsible accountable, arbitrary arrests and detention, the restriction of access to higher education on the basis of religion, the continued imprisonment of the leadership of the Iranian Baha’i community, the closure of Baha’i-owned businesses and the de facto criminalization of membership in the Baha’i faith;

(l) Continued and sustained house arrest of leading opposition figures from the 2009 presidential elections and growing concerns about their health, as well as ongoing restrictions on their supporters and family members, including through harassment, intimidation and reprisals;

(m) Persistent failure to uphold due process of law, and violations of the rights of detainees, including the widespread and systematic use of arbitrary detention and enforced disappearance, the lack of access of detainees to legal representation of their choice, the refusal to consider granting bail to detainees, the poor conditions of prisons and the denial of access to adequate medical treatment, as well as reports of detainees dying in custody, being subjected to torture, rape and other forms of sexual violence, harsh interrogation techniques and the use of pressure exerted upon their relatives and dependants, including through arrest, to obtain false confessions that are then used at trials;

(n) Continuing arbitrary or unlawful interference by State authorities with
the privacy of individuals, in particular in relation to private homes, and with their correspondence, including telephone and e-mail communications, in violation of international law;